One of the easiest ways to make a comparison in Chinese is using the word 比 (bǐ). It is similar to the English word “than” but the structure of the sentence is different and needs a bit practice.
Noun 1 + 比 + Noun 2 + Adj.
The noun that is placed first is the one that comes out on top in the comparison:
爸爸比妈妈高。= Dad is taller than mom.
妈妈比爸爸矮。= Mom is shorter than dad.
他比老师聪明。= He is smarter than the teacher.
星巴克的咖啡比这里的咖啡贵。= The coffee at Starbucks is more expensive then the coffee here.
中国比美国大吗？= Is China bigger than the USA？
The word 很 (hěn) can not be used in the comparison and the adjective in the comparison should be positive.
But you can use 更 (gèng) before the adjective.
我哥哥比我更大。= My older brother is even taller than me.
If you want to say that two things are the same, you use 跟 (gēn) instead of 比。
我跟姐姐一样高。= I am as tall as my older sister.
Post time: Dec-10-2019